The Buffalo Springfield was a band created primarilly by Stephen Stills, Neil Young and Richie Furay, with an ever-changing cast of other musicians who would eventually evolve into many of the great groups of the era, Poco, Crosby Stills Nash and Young, and many others.
Interestingly, the name came from the side of a Steamroller they passed by with the name of the Buffalo Steamroller, made by an Springfield, Ohio, corporation. "For What It's Worth," is arguably one of the earliest protest songs, but rather than an anti-war anthem was written by Stills about a mini-riot by the young folks on Suset Boulevard protesting the closing of a night-club called Pandora's box.
The L.A. Police were pretty tough in those days and not afraid to use their clubs, and the harshness of the officers actions created a great out-cry on the Strip. It was a perfect setup for the song which was introduced at the Whiskey A Go Go on Thanksgiving of 1966 to great response, the Springfield went into the Studio and recorded it within a few days and it soon got play on Boss Radio KHJ, which ruled the City at the time.
With that kick-off the record soon became ubiquitous and ensured the groups success. Unfortunately, the band was ill-fated with in-fighting and heavy drug use that eventually brought the original line up down. Neil Young was upset because the managers thought he had a weird voice and wouldn't let him sing, but Neil of course showed them when he joined CSNY, and then went on solo to become one of the great singer-songwriters of the day. - TDR